Forests of Australia consist mainly of different speciesadmin / February 7, 2019
Forests of Australia consist mainly of different species (over 600) of eucalyptus trees, from giant trees in height to small shrubs, numerous acacias (490 species), baksii (46 species), etc. Agate (kauri), callitris, phylloclus , araucaria. In the forests and forest savannah, there are “bottle” trees with trunks blown in the middle, and a kind of tree lily of the genus xanthorea, kingia and dasypogon with bundles of long leaves in the upper part of low trunks, the so-called “grassy trees”. More than 100 species of tree species are of industrial importance.
The main element of the flora of Australia is the Malaysian one. Its representatives are wet tropical forests, for them winds bring moisture from the Coral Sea. By the sea in the east and south-west evergreen subtropical forests grow. On the shores of the Coral Sea are moist rainforests.
In the north, in the east, thickets of shrubs (scraping) pass into savannas, then in the same direction are replaced by savannah forests.
In the west of Australia, evergreen subtropical forests grow. In the south and east, they are replaced by subtropical and subantarctic forests with high (up to 12 m in diameter and up to 150 m in height) eucalyptus, cycads, tree ferns. Evergreen “hard-leaved” savannah forests grow west of the Australian Cordilleras, in a belt with moderate precipitation. Savannah forests are like our pine forests. These forests are inhabited by eucalyptus trees with sparse branches growing at enormous heights. Their leaves are turned in such a way that they almost do not give a shadow. As an undergrowth – palm-like cadavers, “grassy trees” – with a short, thick trunk, ending with a cap of long grayish-green serrated leaves.
Savannahs and rare forests grow in arid areas. They are more common in the Australian continent. During the dry summer they do not grow, but during the rainy season they blossom.
On the Australian continent, there are few plants with succulent leaves. Australia – the birthplace of various drought-resistant shrubs and trees, they spread from this continent throughout the world.
In Australia, only 5.5% of the territory is covered with forests, mainly in the north, south-west and east of the country. Savannahs are located between internal deserts and forests
The Daintree Rainforest, a primary rain forest in northeastern Australia, is approaching 125 million years ago. One of the oldest natural sanctuaries on the planet, older than the Amazon rainforest. With 800,000 visitors a year, the Daintree National Park remains the most visited site in the country. The dream of budding botanists, looking for palm trees, ferns and other eucalyptus trees. 2,000 species of trees and different plants have been identified. Queensland in northeastern Australia remains one of the wildest and most unspoiled areas in the country. Its primary tropical forest, the Daintree Rainforest, approaches 125 million years ago. One of the oldest natural sanctuaries on the planet, older than the Amazon rainforest, only 10 million years old!
New South Wales
The tropical forests of Gondwana in Australia span 50 different parks in New South Wales and South East Queensland. Accessible from Byron Bay, this vast World Heritage area encompasses the largest subtropical forest in the world, including temperate and warm temperate forests. Walk in the bush through the forests of Nightcap, Mount Warning or Border Ranges national parks, all of which border the old eroded Mount Warning Wollumbin volcano. Reach out to hear the song of Albert’s rare menure, picnic in the Antarctic beech forests, spot the local marsupials, or take a scenic drive in the forest. There are pockets of tropical forests in the World Heritage-listed Blue Mountains near Sydney.
The southern part of Kakadu National Park, a World Heritage Site, is dotted with monsoon forests. Explore it on a hike to the spectacular Jim Jim Falls Falls, which flow over 250 meters into deep, cool pools. Follow the Gubarra Pools trail or hike Gungarre Walk through the savannah woods to the banks of a billabong (crescent-shaped lake). Kakadu is also famous for its swampy grounds dotted with water lilies, a fertile wildlife and treasures of Aboriginal rock art. Take a boat trip on the rivers passing alongside crocodiles, barramundi perches and birds,